Hudson River: Coordinates: 40?42?11?N 74?01?34?W? / ?40.70306?N 74.02611?W? / 40.70306; -74.02611 Hudson River The Bear Mountain Bridge across the Hudson River as seen from Bear Mountain. The Bear Mountain Bridge across the Hudson River as seen from Bear Mountain. Country United States States New York,New Jersey Tributaries ?-?left Opalescent River,Boreas River,Moses Kill River,Batten Kill,Hoosic River ?-?right Goodnow River,Cedar River (New York),Indian River (New York),Sacandaga River,Snook Kill River,Mohawk River,Normans Kill,Vloman Kill,Coeymans Creek,Hannacroix Creek,Coxsackie Creek Cities In New York State: Queensbury,Glens Falls,Mechanicville,Troy,Albany,Hudson,Kingston,Poughkeepsie,Newburgh,Beacon,Peekskill,Nyack,South Nyack,Croton-on-Hudson,Dobbs Ferry,Tarrytown,Yonkers,and New York City,and in New Jersey: Alpine,Tenafly,Englewood Cliffs,Fort Lee,Edgewater,North Bergen,Guttenberg,West New York,Weehawken,Hoboken,and Jersey City. Source Lake Tear of the Clouds ?-?location Mount Marcy,New York,United States ?-?elevation 4,293 ft (1,309 m) ?-?coordinates 44?06?24?N 73?56?09?W? / ?44.10667?N 73.93583?W? / 44.10667; -73.93583 Mouth Upper New York Bay ?-?elevation 0 ft (0 m) ?-?coordinates 40?42?11?N 74?01?34?W? / ?40.70306?N 74.02611?W? / 40.70306; -74.02611 Length 315 mi (507 km) Basin 14,000 sq mi (36,260 km) Discharge for Lower New York Bay,max and min at Green Island ?-?average 21,400 cu ft/s (606 m/s) ?-?max 215,000 cu ft/s (6,088 m/s) ?-?min 882 cu ft/s (25 m/s) Discharge elsewhere (average) ?-?Troy 15,000 cu ft/s (425 m/s)
| Hudson and Mohawk watersheds Hudson and Mohawk watersheds
The Hudson River is a 315-mile (507?km) watercourse that flows from north to south through eastern New York State in the United States. The highest official source is at Lake Tear of the Clouds,on the slopes of Mount Marcy in the Adirondack Mountains. The river itself officially begins in Henderson Lake in Newcomb,New York. The river flows southward past the state capital at Albany and then eventually forms the boundary between New York City and the U.S. state of New Jersey at its mouth before emptying into Upper New York Bay. Its lower half is a tidal estuary,which occupies the Hudson Fjord. This formed during the most recent North American glaciation over the latter part of the Wisconsin Stage of the Last Glacial Maximum,26,000 to 13,300 years ago. Tidal waters influence the Hudson’s flow as far north as Troy,New York. The river is named after Henry Hudson,an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company,who explored it in 1609. It had previously been observed by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano sailing for King Francis I of France in 1524,as he became the first European known to have entered the Upper Bay,but he considered the river to be an estuary. The Dutch called the river the “North River” ? with the Delaware River called the “South River” ? and it formed the spine of the Dutch colony of New Netherland. Settlement of the colony clustered around the Hudson,and its strategic importance as the gateway to the American interior led to years of competition between the English and the Dutch over control of the river and colony. During the eighteenth century,the river valley and its inhabitants were the subject and inspiration of Washington Irving,the first internationally acclaimed American author. In the nineteenth century,the area inspired the Hudson River School of landscape painting,an American pastoral style,as well as the concepts of environmental conservation and wilderness.